Thursday, November 27, 2014


Bhadrakali (IAST: Bhadrakālī, Devanagari: भद्रकाली) , also known as the gentle Kali, is generally an auspicious form of the goddess Kali, and the legend states that she came into being by Devi’s wrath, when Daksha insulted Shiva. It is believed that Bhadrakāli was a local deity, which was assimilated into the mainstream Hinduism, particularly into Shaiva mythology. Sometimes, she assumes terrible aspect, and is represented with three eyes, and four, twelve or eighteen hands. She carries a number of weapons, with flames flowing from her head, and a small tusk protruding from her mouth. She is the consort of Virabhadra[1] This way she is ancestor of many Jat clans.


The historian Ram Swarup Joon has given the chronology of Virabhadra, obtained from the records of the Bards of Dholpur, in his book ‘History of the Jats’ (1938, 1967) as under: [2]
In the branch of Puru there was ‘Sanyati’ whose son was VirabhadraVirabhadra had four sons 1. Pon Bhadra 2. Kalhan bhadra 3. Atisur Bhadra and 4. Jakh Bhadra.
  • Pon Bhadra is the originator of Punia gotra.
  • Kalhan Bhadra is the originator of Kalhan gotra.
  • Atisur Bhadra had Ajanta Jata Shankar and his son Dahi Bhadra in the lineage. Dahi Bhadra is the originator of Dahiya gotra.
  • Jakh Bhadra is the originator of Jakhar gotra.
According to Ram Swarup Joon, the descendants of above spread as under:
(a) Pon Bhadra’s descendants Punias to HaryanaBrij, and Gwalior
(b) Kalhan Bhadra’s descendants Kalhans to Kathiawar and Gujarat.
(c) Atisur Bhadra’s descendants Anjana Jata Shankar to Malwa
(d) Jakh Bhadra’s descendants Jakhars to Punjab and Kashmir
(e) Dahi Bhadra’s descendants Dahiyas to Punjab and Central Asia

Temples of Bhadrakali

Ma Bhadrakali Temple Ujjaint is clear from the above chronology that some descendants of Virabhadra have moved to Malwa and Gujarat. There must be some traces left in these areas.
  • Bhadrakali temple in Ahmedabad (Gujarat) - We find The traces of their migration in the form of temples of Bhadrakali in Ahmedabad (Gujarat) and in Malwa near Ratlam. The historian PN Oak has revealed that one densely populated area of Ahmedabad is known as 'Bhadra'. Bhadra is a sanskrit name. This Bhadra area is having a number of mosques. PN Oak has revealed that the Jama-masjid of Bhadra area in Ahmedabad was earlier a temple of Bhadrakali diety, which was converted to masjid. Bhadrakali was the primeval diety of this city. He proved, through number of articles published in 1964-65, that so called Jama-masjid of Ahmedabad (Karnavati or Rajnagar) was the temple of city and royal diety Bhadrakali. [3]

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