Friday, June 13, 2014

Raja Hem Chandra Vikramaditya -NAPOLEON OF MEDIEVAL INDIA

Gulshandeep Singh's photo.Raja Hem Chandra Vikramaditya the Napoleon of medieval India(1501 – 5 November 1556)
Hemu was a shopkeeper in rewari. he was born in a Hindu Brahmin family. By his uncommon ability and commanding power . hemu had raised himself to the cabinet of adil shah , the afgan musician prince of chunar, later adil shah made him his first minister and chief commander of his army. Ever since humayun died , hemu had been planing to attack the mughals. Hemu never saw defeat in a battle, and had romped from victory to victory after one another throughout his life . He fought Afghan rebels across North India from the Punjab to Bengal and the Mughal forces of Akbar and Humayun in Agra and Delhi, winning 22 consecutive battles. Enemies used to fled in panic from battle from just hearing his name (Iskander Khan Uzbeg in agra a strong mughal hold)hemu’s army was five time superior comparative to akbar’s army . Hemu won the loyalty of his soldiers by his ready distribution of the spoils of war among his soldiers.
in 1556, hemu launched a surprise attack against the mughals, and captured delhi ,he declared himself as emperor. The king . he refused to be called badshah and prefered to be called raja. He had assumed the title of "Vikramaditya” since vedic times many kings had adopted this title. His rajyabhishek (coronation) as raja was held at Purana Qila in Delhi. Hemu re-established the native Hindu rule (albeit for a short duration) in North India, after over 350 years of Muslim(Turkic and Mughal) rule. Hemu also had struck coins bearing his name or title.
However , bairam khan the guardian of akbar, insisted on fighting hemu in an effort to win back delhi. On november 5, 1556, the mughal army met hemu’s army at the historic battle field of panipat . it was the second battle of panipat,in this battle akbar and bairam khan stayed back eight miles away from the battleground with the instructions to leave India in case of defeat. but hemu led his large army himself,sitting atop an elephant. akbar and bairam khan had a treacherous plan a man muslim solder was hiding is disguise in hemu’s army and he struk an arrow in his”hemu” eye on right time, unfortunately there plan worked, arraow struck in his eye and hemu collapsed unconscious . his troops thought he was dead and fled, and thus hemu’s army was defeated 5000 soldiers of Hemu were slain . the unconscious hemu was carried to akbar’s camp , where he was beheaded a tregic end for a brave warrior.some sources speak different thing about his death it say’s his death wass not quick it took several days real slow”in pieces”. Hemu's head was sent to Kabul in Afghanistan, where it was hanged outside the Delhi Darwaza, to be shown to Afghans to prove that the great Hindu warrior is dead, while his body was placed in a gibbet outside Purana Quila in Delhi to terrorise the native Indians.
After Hemu's death, a massacre of Hemu's community and followers was ordered by Bairam Khan. Thousands were beheaded and towers of skulls were built with their heads, to instill terror among the Hindus and Afghans. At least one painting of such minarets is displayed in the "Panipat Wars Museum" at Panipat in Haryana. These towers were still in existence about 60 years later as described by Peter Mundy, a British traveler who visited India during the time of Jahangir.

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