Much of the Hindu Dharma civilization was either destroyed or converted from approximately the First Century on, by Christian and Moslem zealots, who were out to gain wealth and power in the name of religion. Rulers all over the world have repeatedly obliterated world history with a view to subjugating the masses, since knowledge is power. In this context, thousands of manuscripts have been burned, millions of people tortured, thousands of buildings and cities converted into modern religious sites, with their artifacts buried in the dusts of time. Some famous expungings include:
240 BC: The Chinese Emperor Dic Huyang destroyed all of the books on history and science he had access to;
146 BC: The Romans burnt the Library in Carthage which contained 500,000 manuscripts. It burned for 17 days;
? BC: Library at the Temple of Ptah, the Divine Lord in Memphis was burned destroying many palm-leaf manuscripts;
In Asia Minor the library at Peragmus was burnt containing 200,000 texts;
48 BC: Julius Ceaser burned the famous library in Alexandria, Egypt which contained 700,000 manuscripts;
6 BC: Pisistratus in Athens was burnt; only Homer’s epics were salvaged;
The Bibractis Druid College’s Library in Autun, France was destroyed by Roman troops;
Emperor Tsin-She Hwangeti of China had thousands of ancient manuscripts burned;
Leo Isarus burned down a library of 300,000 volumes in Istanbul;
296 AD: Dioclisian burned a large number of Aegyptian and Greek manuscripts;
312 AD (approximately): The first neo-convert Roman Christian Emperor Constantine swooped down on the Vatican
(then Vedican) destroying a number of Vedic manuscripts. It is believed that he also slew the Vedic pontiff and installed a Christian in his place.
1555 AD: A European Christian ruler, Franciso Telod, in Peru destroyed all the records and manuscripts throwing light on the ancient civilization of the Americas in his access.
1600 AD: Bishop Diago de Landa destroyed most of the ancient literature and sacred books of Mexico(2)
1860-1940 AD: British rule in India effectively destroyed the public educational system and robbed thousands of valuable manuscripts, destroying the rest. Even with all of this, there are numerous facts which still point to the glory of the Vedic Age.
Faris EddoIndian subcontinent has a history which dates back to more than 5000 years back. Its origins lie on the banks of the The Ajanta and Ellora Cavesriver Indus and thus came to be known as the Indus Valley Civilization. The roots of numerous ideas and philosophies can still be traced back to India.
Soon after the Indus Valley Civilization laid down the foundation of India and Indian history, the Dravidians came in as the inhabitants of this civilization which was called the Harappan culture and flourished for 1000 years. Gradually, Aryan tribes started infiltrating from Afghanistan and Central Asia, around 1500 B.C. They occupied the whole of the northern parts of India up to the Vindhya Hills. Thus the Dravidians were urged to move to the southern parts of India. The Aryans brought new ideas, new technology and new gods with them and this became an important era in the history of India. The Aryan tribe started expanding and was grouped into sixteen kingdoms, of which Kosala and Magadha were the most powerful ones in the 5th century B.C.
Around 500 BC, Invasion by Persians followed by Maurya Dynasty:
The next great invasion was around 500 BC by the Persian kings Cyrus and Darius. They conquered the Indus valley but then India went through times of speculation and indefiniteness. Then in 327 BC India again came into light due to the invasions of Alexander the great, from Macedonia. Although, he was not able to extend his powers into India.
After the Greek power receded there was a phase of uncertainty and that was when Indian history’s first imperial dynasty, the Maurya Dynasty came into power. Founded by Chandragupta Maurya, this dynasty reached its height under King Ashoka. He has given many historical monuments and inscriptions. But after his death there came no other kings as powerful as him and so there was chaos again fragmenting India into smaller kingdom.
1000 AD, Decline of Chandragupta & rise in Muslim Invasions:
The Indian warriorsIt was during this time that Chandragupta II became the unifying force in northern India. India is said to have enjoyed its golden period during this time – under the Gupta dynasty. Though not as big as the Mauryan Empire, it saw huge developments in the field of art and architecture, the highlight being the Ajanta and Ellora caves. There was confusion again after the Gupta Dynasty and many regional powers rose until the Muslim invasions in 1000 AD.
Indian History, in the meantime, also saw the rise of some powerful kingdoms like the Satavahanas, kalingas and Vakatakas in the southern part of India. Later the dynasties like Cholas, Pandyas, Cheras, Chalukyas and Pallavas came into prominence.
The political instability gave opportunity to the Muslim invaders who raided the North India successfully under Mahmud of Ghazni. The next invasion was by Mahmud of Ghauri who established foreign rule in India. Many of the famous dynasties like the Slave Dynasty, Khilji Dynasty, Tughlaq Dynasty, Saiyyid and Lodhi, Bahmani Dynasty, and Others came after that.
Maharaj Krishan Nehruthanks –indus valley is nearly 8to 10 thousand years –5000 years before bhagwan Krishna ruled bharata –foriegners have made many distortions in indian history -kashmiris written history starts from nearly 3000 years bc but many a mnuscripts were destroyed by muslim rulers –sikander butshikan is a common name for that–recently a ganesha iodol has been found in Kuwait –we can omagine the extention of Hinduism world over in ancient times