Monday, July 27, 2015

Jammu and Kashmir's Hindu past

Harwan is a small village located 3 km beyond the Shalimar Garden in Srinagar District of Jammu and Kashmir. The village was identified by Sir Aurel Stein with Shadara Hadvana (grove of six saints) a locality mentioned in Rishi Kalhana’s Rajatarangini. It is a historic place that was sacked and destroyed by Sikandar Butshikan during the 14th century AD, and many remains of Kashmir’s Hindu as well as Buddhist past have been found during the excavations.

The relics of this unique work of art and history, the Harwan Buddhist temple is aeons old, and its origin goes as far as 300 AD. Its ruins are located in Harwan, a village situated in the north-western Kashmir. These ruins are situated towards the northwest of Kashmir and are accessible from the eastern side of Shalimar Mughal Garden.

The temple dates back to the Kushan era and civilisation. It was discovered during an excavation as part of an archaeological expedition conducted by the Archaeological Department of India approximately between 1919 and 1929 AD. The architecture of this ancient structure depicts the lifestyle, attire and habitat of Kashmir’s Hindus of that era. There are beautiful image carvings on the tiles within the temple.

Image : A female musician wearing trousers; she plays on a drum, which is apparently slung over her left shoulder. Floral motifs on either side. A dancer wearing large ear-rings and dressed in loose robe and trousers, with a long scarf held in both hands, which she waves over her head. One can notice the similarity of classical Indian dance depicted in the dancer’s body posture.

Harwan is a small village located 3 km beyond the Shalimar Garden in Srinagar District of Jammu and Kashmir. The village was identified by Sir Aurel Stein with Shadara Hadvana (grove of six saints) a locality mentioned in Rishi Kalhana’s Rajatarangini. It is a historic place that was sacked and destroyed by Sikandar Butshikan during the 14th century AD, and many remains of Kashmir’s Hindu as well as Buddhist past have been found during the excavations. The relics of this unique work of art and history, the Harwan Buddhist temple is aeons old, and its origin goes as far as 300 AD. Its ruins are located in Harwan, a village situated in the north-western Kashmir. These ruins are situated towards the northwest of Kashmir and are accessible from the eastern side of Shalimar Mughal Garden. The temple dates back to the Kushan era and civilisation. It was discovered during an excavation as part of an archaeological expedition conducted by the Archaeological Department of India approximately between 1919 and 1929 AD. The architecture of this ancient structure depicts the lifestyle, attire and habitat of Kashmir’s Hindus of that era. There are beautiful image carvings on the tiles within the temple. Image : A female musician wearing trousers; she plays on a drum, which is apparently slung over her left shoulder. Floral motifs on either side. A dancer wearing large ear-rings and dressed in loose robe and trousers, with a long scarf held in both hands, which she waves over her head. One can notice the similarity of classical Indian dance depicted in the dancer’s body posture.